5 Questions with…Dr. Andrea Gielen, Director of Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy
I’ve always been interested in injury prevention as a field, and domestic violence got on my radar when we were doing a women’s HIV and reproductive health study. When we saw high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) among women getting care for their HIV, we started investigating it further and learned about how IPV could be both a risk factor for HIV and an outcome of HIV among the women we were seeing.
2) Could you elaborate on what a “public health” approach to domestic violence entails?
We think of a public health approach as one that is focused on addressing the needs of populations, with an eye towards prevention (different from a medical approach of treating individuals when they are sick). It also means using a systematic approach to problem solving that includes surveillance, risk factor identification, intervention development, testing and evaluation, followed by broad scale dissemination.
3) Can you describe some of your current projects?
5) What advice do you have for others who are interested in a public health approach to domestic violence prevention?
There are many paths depending on your particular interests and opportunities. I would suggest starting with your local domestic violence shelter or hospital program to find out what they are doing and what needs they have for either volunteers or technical assistance.
If you are looking for grant funding, I’d look to private foundations that support women and family causes, as well as the CDC, NIH, and NIJ who also fund research. Another strategy is to look at women’s health funding opportunities and add an Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) component; it’s often difficult to find funding that focuses exclusively on addressing IPV in women.